Pigots 1840 - Kent

Ashford with the villages of Willesborough, Mersham & neighbourhoods


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Ashford is a market town and parish, in the hundred of Chart and Longridge, and lathe of Scray – 54 miles ESE from London, 14 SSW from Canterbury, 20 SE by E from Maidstone, and 30 NNE from Hastings in Sussex.  It is situate about twelve miles from the sea, on an eminence rising from the northern bank of the small river Stour, on the high road between Hythe and Maidstone, and on the line of the South Eastern Railway. The town which is a liberty of itself, originated from the ruins of Great Chart, an ancient market town, which gave name to the hundred, and was destroyed in the Danish wars; it was then called Asseheford, and in some early documents, Estefort and Enetesford from the ford over the river Stour, the ancient name of which was Esshe and Eschet. The present town is one of considerable respectability, the houses are modern and well built; and the principal street, which is well paved and lighted, contains many good shops, and three principal inns. The only branch of manufacture is that of damask linen, which though not extensive, is of superior fabric and handsome pattern. A suite of assemble rooms has within these few years been erected; there are also two good libraries and a reading room. The present Lord of the Manor is Thomas DAWES esq. who holds a court leet annually in November, when a constable or headborough and other manorial officers are chosen. A charter exists for holding a court of requests, but it has long become obsolete. Ashford is one of the polling stations at the election of members for East Kent. The places of worship are the parish church and others for baptists and Wesleyan methodists, Lady Huntingdon’s connexion and the society of friends. The church (formerly collegiate) dedicated to St Mary, is a spacious cruciform edifice and a rich specimen of the later style of English architecture; an elegant and lofty tower rises from its centre, and contains a fine ring of bells and a set of musical chimes; the latter perform no less than fourteen tunes, and of the enlivening appendage the inhabitants are somewhat proud. The church contains several monuments, well worth the notice of the admirers of those memorials of bygone greatness. The living is a vicarage, in the gift of the dean and chapter of Rochester; and the present incumbent is Rev. Thomas WOOD. The principal charities are a free grammar school and a national school; the former was founded and endowed by Sir Norton KNATCHBULL in 1636; and the latter is partly supported by subscription, and partly by bequest of land by Dr TURNER in 1702. Ashford confers the inferior title of baron on the family of KEPPEL, Earls of Albemarle. The weekly market is on Tuesday and Saturday and one of the principal stock markets in the county is held in this town, on the first and third Tuesday in every month. There are also five fairs held annually viz. May 17th, September 9th and October 12th and 24th, for general merchandize; and the first week in August for wool; the two first are chartered fairs, but the markets have almost superseded the use of them all. By the government returns for 1831, the parish contained 2809 inhabitants.


Two miles SE by E from Ashford, in the same hundred as that town, is the small village and parish of Willesborough, containing a neat church, dedicated to St Mary; the living is a vicarage, in the patronage of the dean and chapter of Canterbury. Population of the parish 472.


Nearly four miles SE from Ashford, in the same hundred is the village of Mersham, situate close to the line of the South Eastern Railway. The church dedicated to St John the Baptist, is a structure of considerable antiquity, having a tower; the living is a rectory, in the gift of the see of Canterbury. There is a place of worship for Wesleyan methodists, and a charitable fund for the education of a limited number of poor children. A fair, chiefly for toys and pedlary, is held on the Friday in Whitsun week. According to the Parliamentary returns for 1831, the parish contained 677 inhabitants.


POST OFFICE High street, Ashford, John TUNBRIDGE, Postmaster, letters from London and all the Eastern parts of Kent arrive (by mail cart from Canterbury), every morning at six, and are despatched every night at eight. Letters from Maidstone and the Weald of Kent, arrive every morning at nine, and are dispatched every afternoon at a quarter past five.


POST OFFICE, Mersham, Edward SIMMONS, Postmaster, letters from all parts arrive (by foot post from Ashford) every morning at nine, and are despatched every afternoon at five.




BACK Mrs, New Rents

BELLAMY Rev. J W, Sellinge

BILLINGTON Rev. John, Vicarage, Kennington

BROOK Mrs Anne, High st

BURNETT Rev. Robert, Bethersden

CARTER Henry WM (MD), Kennington

CULCHETH Rev. William, New Rents

CURTEIS Mrs Mary, North st

DAVIS Mrs Sarah, North st

DAVIS Rev, Thomas, High st

DAWES Daniel Butler esq. High st

DENNE Mr Thomas, Kennington

FIELD Mrs Ann, High st

FOSTER Mr John, New st

GREENHILL Mrs Elizabeth, High st

GREENHILL Mr Stephen, High st

GREGORY George esq. Willesborough

HADLOW Rev. Ashford

HAGGER Mrs Mary, New st

HARNETT Mr Wm Tomlin, Ashford

HILL Rev. Samuel, High st

HIND Mr George, New st

HUGHES Mr Edward, Smeeth

HUGHES Mr George, Smeeth

HUGHES the Misses, Mersham

JEMMETT Mrs Fanny, High st

JEMMETT William esq. High st

JONES George esq. Willesborough

KNATCHBULL Sir Edward bart. Mersham hatch

KNATCHBULL Rev Windham, Smeeth

KNOWLES Mr Curteis, Willesborough

LOCKWOOD Rev. Frederick, Vicarage, Mersham

MORGAN Mr George, Vybrook

MOSSOP Rev J, Hothfield

NICHOLS Mr Thomas, New st

NORWOOD Mrs Elizabeth, High st

NORWOOD Mrs Frances, North st

NORWOOD Rev. George, Sevington

OXENDEN Rev, Eastwell

PEMBROKE John esq, New rents

REEVE Mrs Ann, New rents

REEVE Miss Elizabeth, New rents

ROSS Rev John Alexander, Westwell

SMITH Rev. Richard, High st

STODDART the Misses, High st

STUNT Mr Walter, Sevington

THANET the Earl of, Hothfield place

TOKE Rev. Nicholas, Godington

TUCK Mr Robert, Kennington

WAITE Rev Thomas (DD), Rectory, Great Chart

WALL Mr James, New st

WILLMOTT Rev Robt. D, Kennington

WOOD Rev Thomas, Vicarage

WYBOURN Miss, Ashford




Grammar School, Church yard, Ephraim Hemmings SNOAD, master

HALL Thomas, (day) Ashford

Infants School, New rents, Ann TUNBRIDGE, mistress

LESTER Charlotte (boarding & day), Hempstead place

National School, Great Chart, Mary Ann CUMMINS, mistress

National School, New rents, Edward LURCOCK, master; Mary BODKIN, mistress

SNOAD Sarah & Martha (boarding & day), Hempstead place

SUTTON Elizabeth (day), Ashford

TAPPENDEN Thomas, (gents boarding & day), High st

THOMPSON William (day), Back lane




CRUTTENDEN William, High st

FURLEY Robert, (& clerk to the magistrates), North st

GREENHILL Norman, Ashford

LESTER James, Hempstead place








ASHDOWN John, High st

BACK William, High st

CLARK Wm, (& confectioner), High st

HEAD William, Mersham

HILL Jane, New st

HOUGHTON Henden, (& confectioner), Market place

HOWLAND Thomas, North st     

ODDEN Stephen, Great Chart

TAPPENDEN John, Kennington

TUNBRIDGE Stephen, High st

WALTER Thomas, New rents

WRAIGHT Wm (& confectioner), New rents




JEMMETT & POMFRET, High st (draw on SMITH, PAYNE & SMITHS, London)

Savings Bank, (& annuity office), High st (open every Tuesday 12 till 2), Thomas THURSTON, clerk




CLOVER John, High st

HARPER John, High st




BRENCHLEY William, Great Chart

COOK John, Willesborough

GEORGE Henry, Smeeth

JENNER Isaac, North st

LACEY Edward, New st

OFFEN James, Great Chart

PETERS Jas. (& wheelwright), Kennington




ELLIOTT & Son, (& printers), High st

JENNINGS James, High st




ANDREWS Thomas, High st

BACK George , High st

BACK Thomas, High st

BARNES John, High st

BULL Henry, Willesborough

CAPELING James, High st

CHARLTON Daniel, New st

FINN Jesse, Mersham

GOLD Henry, Great Chart

HEMSLEY Henry, North st

HOWLAND James, Castle st

KINGSLAND Daniel, High st

KINGSMILL Thomas, High st

LAKER Richard, Castle st

MILLER John, High st

MORRIS Joseph, Gravelpit st

NORLEY John, High st

SHILLING William, Great Chart

STOCKWELL William, Mersham

THORPE Richard, High st

WILLIAMS James , High st




DAWSON Thomas, High st

DUNGEY John & Co, (& locksmith), High st




ELLIOTT Thomas, Gravelpit st

PARNELL William, High st




ASHFORD Wm. (& glazier) Great Chart

CARRECK Richard, New st

FURBY Samuel, Ashford

JOY Cooper, New st

WELLER John, New rents




HAMILTON James, High st

HAYWARD William, Market place

PETTIT Ann, High st

REEVE George, High st

SMALL Charles, Great Chart

STEDDY Samuel jun. High st




BARNS James, (& turner ),Back lane

BAYLEY John, High st

REEVE Lewis Ambrose, (& sub distributer of stamps), High st

TUNBRIDGE John, High st




APSLEY Alexander, High st

CASTLE Thomas, New st

EAVES Thomas, New rents

FOWLER Draper, New st

NORTON Daniel, Great Chart

PETERS James, Kennington

STEDDY William, Willesborough




BARNS John, High st

TALBOT Thomas, High st

WORGER John, High st




BROTHERS Francis, (& tobacco dealer), High st

CARTER William, New rents

FARMER Jno. (& spirit merchant), High st

THURSTON John, High st




STANLEY Sophia, New rents

STOCKWELL Charles, New st




STARTUP Thomas, High st

VILE Henry, New st

WALTER William, High st




HUMPHREY William & Thomas, New st

WHITECHURCH Robert, High st




FAIRBRASS Daniel, Marsh lane

RIGDEN Thomas, Ashford




COBB  JOHN, High st

CUTBUSH James, Kennington

FUKES John, High st

SCOTT Wm, (& hop merchant), High st

TUNBRIDGE Stephen, High st




CULLING William, High st

DORMAN & Son, High st




DAVISS & Co. High st & at Tenterden




County, Mark DORMAN, High st

Kent, Lewis Ambrose REEVE, High st

Norwich Union, Edward Watson SIMMONS, High st

Phoenix, ELLIOTT & Son, High st; William MORLEY, High st




HEALY James, Middle Row

KINGSNORTH Benjamin, High st

LAWRENCE Charlotte, Castle st

SILLS Thomas, Middle row

STANLEY Sophia, New rents




CHITTENDEN Daniel, High st

TUNBRIDGE John, High st




KINGSNORTH Benjamin, High st

TAPPENDEN Richard, North st


GROCERS, TEA DEALERS & CHEESEMONGERS – see also Shopkeepers & also Tea Dealers


CUCKOW George, Kennington

ELGAR Henry, High st

FILMER Martha, High st

HILLS Thomas, Smeeth

JEFFREY Wm & Jno (& tallow chandlers), High st

KENNETT John, High st

MORLEY Wm. (& tallow chandler and melter), High st

ORR William, Castle st

SCOTT William, High st

SIMMONDS Edward, Mersham

SIMS William, High st

SMALL Charles, Great Chart

SUTTON Charlotte, High st

TAPPENDEN John, Kennington

THOMSON James, New st

WORGER John, High st




CRUNDWELL John, High st

LACY Thomas Edward, (& musical instrument maker), High st

LUMMIS Elkanah  William, New st




CUTBUSH William, High st

JENNINGS Jane, High st




TAYLOR William, High st




George (& coach office), James ROGERS, High st

Royal Oak, Charles GIBSON, High st

Saracens Head, (commercial & posting), Eliz. & Wm. WALTER, High st





BURMAN George (& brass), New rents

DUNGEY John & Co, High st




CHITTENDEN Daniel, High st

DUNGEY John & Co, High st

TUNBRIDGE John, High st




BROWN Thomas, High st

BUSS John, High st

CUCKOW George, Kennington

FRANCIS George, High st

LEWIS George Alexander, New rents

RABSON Mary & Ann, High st

RABSON Peter, (& hardwareman), High st

SIMMONS Edward, Mersham

TAPPENDEN John, Kennington

THORPE Benj. (& woollen), High st




HOUGHTON Robert, High st




CUTBUSH James, Kennington

ELLIOTT Mary, High st

LEWIS Richard, High st




FUKES John, High st

HUTTON John, High st

ODDEN James, Great Chart

PERKINS Thomas, Willesborough

SHARPE Stephen, Kennington

TUNBRIDGE Stephen, Hampstead mill

YOUNG Daniel, Kennington




BROWN & ALLEN, High st

DAVIS Ann, St Johns lane

DOWN Frances, New st

HILL Jane, New rents

HOBDAY Mary, High st

HOWLAND Catherine, Castle st

LUSTED Rebecca, North st

PILCHER Susanna, Drum lane

SOLE Eleanor, Middle row




BIRD John, New rents

HARRISON & Son, High st

TAYLOR Ann & Son, Gravelpit st




DAVIS Joseph, St Johns lane

POWSEY Ann, High




MATE William, High st

PHILPOTT Daniel, Kennington

POWSEY Ann, High st

RUSSELL Alexander, High st




BROWN Thomas, Willesborough

CHAMBERS Maria, New rents

CHITTENDEN Sarah, New rents

COOK John, Willesborough

EAVES Thomas, New rents

FINN Jesse, Mersham

GAYLER Abraham, Willesborough

LOWE Ann, High st

PARISH Mary, New st

SHILLING William, Great Chart

VILE Henry, New st

WHITE James, Smeeth




ANDREWS Pierce, New st

CARRECK Richard, High st

JOY Cooper, New st




BEET John, High st

CORDEAUX Charles (MD), High st

WHITFELD Henry & Fredk, High st

WILKS George Frederick, High st




STEVENS James, Willesborough

THURSTON Thomas, (& engineer to the South Eastern Railway), High st


TAILORS – marked thus * are also drapers


ALLEN Thomas, High st

* ALLEN William Alexander, High st

* BAYLEY Catherine, High st

* COBB Thomas, High st

* FIELD Edward, High st

JACOB Edwd (& undertaker), High st

 * PAINE Francis, New st

* PICKARD Sarah, High st

SCOTT Thomas (& hatter), High st

SKINNER Samuel, High st

* TUNBRIDGE John, New rents




Blacksmiths Arms, James WORGER, Willesborough

Castle, Philip MEIN, Castle st

Duke of Marlborough, Richard CONSTANCE, High st

Farriers Arms, William PREBBLE, Mersham

Golden Ball, John GEERING, Kennington

New Inn, George PHILPOTT, New st

Red Lion, James LEWIS, North st

Swan, Henry SMITH, Great Chart

White Hart, Thomas REEVE, High st

Woolpack, Francis GODDIN, Smeeth




BROTHERS Francis, High st

CARTER William, New rents

ORR William, Castle st

SUTTON Charlotte, High st




BROWN & ALLEN, High st

JENNINGS James, High st




ELLIOTT & Son (& silversmiths), High st

FLINT Wm. (& silversmith), High st

HAYWARD Edward, (& silversmith), High st

SNELLNG John (& engraver), New rents




CHITTENDEN John, Willesborough

GEORGE Joiner, Smeeth

HOOK George, Great Chart

WHITE William, Marsh lane




FOORD Richard, New st

STODDART Edward, High st




LEPINE George, High st




BRIGGS Alfred, superintendent registrar of marriages, High st

County of Kent Friendly Society, William WHITFELD, agent, High st

County of Kent General Registry Office, Alex RUSSELL, agent, High st

ELGAR Henry, Parish Clerk, High st

Excise Office, Castle Inn, Thomas SEAR, officer, New rents

Gas Works, Marsh lane, John Cullen KNOTT, manager

GREENHILL Richard, tanner & fellmonger, Whist house, Ashford

HAMMOND Edward, lime burner, Willesborough

HARPER John, coffee rooms, High st

HILL John, millwright, New st

LURCOCK Edward, glover, High st

MATSON John, professor of music, New rents

MEADOWCRAFT George, stocking manufacturer, High st

PIETY William, fishmonger, High st

POPE John & Wm. veterinary surgeons, High st

RUSSELL Thomas, sawyer, New st

STEDDY & BRIDGER, timber merchants and lathe renders, Bridge end

TINDELL Charles, corn cleaning machine maker, New st




To London, the Times (from Folkestone), calls at the Saracens Head, every morning at ten; goes through Charing, Lenham & Maidstone.


To Folkestone, the Times (from London), calls at the Saracens Head, every afternoon at quarter past three; goes through Hythe and Sandgate.


VANS – for goods & passengers from the George


To London, every morning (Sunday excepted), at six.


To Canterbury, every morning, (Sunday excepted), at nine


To Dover, every afternoon, (Sunday excepted), at two; goes through Hythe, Sandgate & Folkestone.


To Faversham, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon at two.


To Maidstone, every morning, (Sunday excepted), at six, and afternoon at two


To Romney & Lydd, every afternoon, (Sunday excepted), at two


To Tenterden & Rye, every afternoon, (Sunday excepted), at two


To Wye, every morning, (Sunday excepted), at nine




To London & Maidstone, Charles BENTON, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and John SCOTT every Tuesday and Thursday.


To Aldington, Daniel HOOKER from the Duke of Marlborough, daily


To Folkestone, Hythe and Sandgate, Charles BENTON, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.


To Smarden, William SEELEY, from the Red Lion, every Tuesday and Saturday.


To Warehorn, AUSTIN, from the Duke of Marlborough, every Tuesday & Friday.



This page was last updated on 06-Mar-2021.

Copyright © 2008 Janet & Richard Mason.